Dawes, Cruickshanks, Moore, Edmondson-Jones, McCormack, Fortnum, Munro (2014)
Cigarette Smoking, Passive Smoking, Alcohol Consumption, and Hearing Loss, is a 2014 paper purporting to find connections between smoking, drinking and hearing loss.
From the summary linked above (edited):
However there are a few issues with the research as reported in the MSM. From Science Daily for example:
Note the use of the weasel word "may." And "hearing loss" - as opposed to "going deaf" which is what most people will think when they first read this in the MSM.
- This is relying on the principle of small numbers to exaggerate a problem. If 10 non-smokers out of 1,000 would normally suffer hearing loss, then 11 or 12 smokers out of 1,000 could be expected, according to this research, to suffer.
- Since anti-smokers claim that any smoking research cannot be believed, or is unduly biased, if it's funded by PMI, then by equivilance, this study can also be 'not be believed, and/or is unduly biased' because it's funded by Action on Hearing Loss - they have an interest in seeing that this study produce an effect that they have an interest in.
Since SHS hasn't been shown elsewhere to be actually a thing, how it can cause worse symptoms on non-smokers than on the actual smokers themselves is a wonder!
.. and what about otherwise 'healthy' smokers? This is a study in contradictions.
So, non-smokers who had heart disease... were they looked at in the study? If not, why not?
Or neither - they just aren't sure. But didn't want to say that bit. I could offer "incompetent execution of the research/experiments" as a more plausable explanation, but that would be mean of me.
Or they could be just grasping at straws. They "are not sure."
"May not always be the case..." Or could always be the case. They "are not sure."
And I note that the alcohol factor mentioned in the first link wasn't even addressed by the Science Daily article. I don't expect it to be mentioned too widely in the other MSM articles that will come out.
- Piers Dawes
- Karen J. Cruickshanks
- David R. Moore
- Mark Edmondson-Jones
- Abby McCormack
- Heather Fortnum
- Kevin J. Munro